All Purpose Nipple Ointment (APNO)

We call our nipple ointment “all purpose” since it contains ingredients that help deal with multiple causes or aggravating factors of sore nipples.

Blocked Ducts & Mastitis

Mastitis is due to an infection (almost always due to bacteria rather than other types of germs) that usually occurs in breastfeeding mothers.

Breast Compression

The purpose of breast compression is to continue the flow of milk to the baby when the baby is only sucking without drinking.

Breastfeed a Toddler – Why on Earth?

Now that more and more women are breastfeeding their babies, more and more are also finding that they enjoy breastfeeding enough to want to

Breastfeeding – Starting Out Right

Breastfeeding is the natural and normal way of feeding infants and young children, and human milk is the milk made specifically for human infants.

Breastfeeding and Illness

Over the years, far too many women have been wrongly told they had to stop breastfeeding.

Breastfeeding and Jaundice

Introduction Jaundice is due to a buildup in the blood of bilirubin, a yellow pigment that comes from the breakdown of old red blood cells.

Breastfeeding and Medications

Introduction Over the years, far too many women have been wrongly told they had to stop breastfeeding because they must take a particular drug.

Breastfeeding and Other Foods

Introduction Breastmilk is the only food your baby needs until about 6 months of age. There is no advantage to adding other sorts of foods or milks to

Breastfeeding the Premature Baby

Mothers too often have preventable problems with breastfeeding. Many hospital routines make it difficult for mothers and babies to breastfeed

Breastfeeding Your Adopted Baby or Baby Born by Surrogate/Gestational Carrier

You would like to breastfeed your adopted baby, or one born with a surrogate or gestational carrier? Wonderful! Not only is it possible, chances are you will produce a significant amount of milk.

Candida Protocol

Whatever the cause of sore nipples in your case, it is important to get the best latch possible when you have sore nipples.

Colic in the Breastfed Baby

Colic is one of the mysteries of nature. Nobody knows what it really is, but everyone has an opinion. In the typical situation, the baby starts to have crying spells about two to three weeks after birth.

Domperidone, Getting Started

Domperidone (Motilium™) is a drug that has, as a side effect, the increase of milk production, probably by increasing prolactin production by the pituitary gland.

Domperidone, Stopping

When domperidone was being used for babies (and now that cisapride is off the market, it is being used again), it was common for the babies to be on the medication for several months,


More than mild engorgement in the breasts is usually a sign that the breastfeeding is not going very well. It is due to the combination of milk stasis (the milk is not coming out) and oedema (swelling due to water retention in the area).

Expressing Breast Milk

Many women are under the impression that it is necessary to own or use a pump to breastfeed. This is not so. You do not need a breast pump to breastfeed.

Finding A Breastfeeding Support Person

Finding a Lactation Consultant or breastfeeding-support person may seem like a daunting task but it is well worth the effort.

Finger and Cup Feeding

Finger feeding is a technique the main purpose of which is to prepare the baby to take the breast when the baby is reluctant or refuses to latch on.


Fluconazole (Diflucan™) is a synthetic antifungal agent that can be used for the treatment of Candida albicans and other fungal infections.

Herbal Remedies for Milk Supply

The following describes the use of some herbal treatments for breastfeeding mothers who are having various problems.

How to Know a Healthcare Practitioner is not Supportive of Breastfeeding

Most healthcare practitioners say they are supportive of breastfeeding. But many are supportive only when breastfeeding is going well,

Hypoglycæmia of the Newborn (Low blood sugar)

The fear of low blood sugar of the newborn has become the new “acceptable” reason to separate mothers

Is My Baby Getting Enough Milk?

Breastfeeding mothers frequently ask how to know their babies are getting enough milk.

Lactation Aid

A lactation aid is a device that allows a breastfeeding mother to supplement her baby with expressed breastmilk, formula, glucose water with added colostrum or plain glucose water without using a bottle.

Myths of Breastfeeding

Some Breastfeeding Myths, and Still More Myths, and Even More and More Myths!!

Nipple Shields

It is surprising that the nipple shield, the use of which we had seen decline rapidly from the 1970’s and before,

On the FDA and Domperidone

As a paediatrician who deals now only with mothers and babies who are having difficulty with breastfeeding,

Protocol to Manage Breastmilk Intake

Most mothers have lots of milk or could have had lots of milk if they had gotten off to a good start and had good hands-on help.

Slow Weight Gain Following Early Good Weight Gain

Sometimes, babies who were doing very well and gaining weight very well with exclusive breastfeeding start to gain more slowly and even not at all after two to four months.

Sore Nipples

The best treatment of sore nipples is prevention. The best prevention is getting the baby to latch on properly from the first day.

Starting Solid Foods

Health Canada, the Canadian Pediatric Society, the American Academy of Pediatrics, IBFAN, UNICEF, the WHO Global Strategies on Infant Feeding

The Importance of Skin to Skin Contact

There are now a multitude of studies that show that mothers and babies should be together, skin to skin (baby naked, not wrapped in a blanket) immediately after birth,

Toxins and Infant Feeding

The question of toxins in breastmilk is being addressed in a patient information sheet because the issue comes up every few months in the media

Using Gentian Violet

Gentian violet (1% solution in water) is still an excellent treatment for Candida Albicans, though we don’t suggest mothers use it alone for Candida Albicans

Vasospasm and Raynaud’s Phenomenon

These conditions are due to a spasm of blood vessels preventing blood from getting to a particular area of the body,

What to Feed the Baby When the Mother is Working Outside the Home

This is not an information sheet on all the ins and outs of working outside the home and breastfeeding.

When Baby Does Not Yet Latch

There are many reasons a baby might refuse to take the breast. Often there is a combination of reasons.

When Latching

Cross Cradle Position for Left Breast: * Align baby’s nose so that it does not go past your nipple, or go to the left of your nipple